Another argument which can be moved is the so-called “birth lottery”. By ‘birth is a lottery’ we mean that how, when and where you are born, grow up and live determines a lot of biographies. These factors are so profoundly and widely unequal and inequalities can shape your whole life. How can human rights be universal, when there are still people living under dictatorships? When the simple owning of a certain passport allows you more freedom of movement than other passports do?
A broader question could also be raised: what exactly is the definition of a human being and how does it apply to our modern-day complex society? The bare definition of “human being” might not work anymore in our society.
In this society, we are so strongly defined by our status, nationality, religion. Moreover, national laws and cultures often interfere with those rights, to which we should be simply entitled as human beings.